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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The promoting effect of epinephrine on lipopolysaccharide-induced interleukin-8 production in whole blood may be mediated by thromboxane A2.

Epinephrine is known to enhance lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin (IL)-8 secretion in a platelet dependent manner. To determine whether thromboxane A2 (TxA2; a product from activated platelets) is involved in this process, blood samples drawn either before or 2 h after oral administration of 440 mg acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) were stimulated with LPS (5 ng mL(-1)) and different concentrations of epinephrine were added (0.1-100.0 micromol L(-1)). ASA ingestion significantly (global P < 0.05) reduced the enhancing effect of epinephrine on LPS-induced IL-8 release by 15-28%. To further explore whether TxA2 may be involved in this process, a TxA2 agonist (U46619) was added to whole blood together with LPS instead of epinephrine. U46619 mimicked the epinephrine effect: 20 ng mL(-1) U46619 enhanced LPS-induced IL-8 release by 39% (P < 0.05). Furthermore, preincubation of whole blood with 75 micro mol L-1 or 150 micromol L(-1) SQ29548, a TxA2 receptor antagonist, completely blocked epinephrine's promoting effect on LPS-induced IL-8 release. Since thrombin-activated platelets have been reported to be important in the production of IL-8 in monocytes through the activation of monocytes by exposed RANTES in a P-selectin-dependent reaction, we suggest that the epinephrine effect is mediated by enhanced TxA2 production and subsequent rise in the exposure of RANTES and P-selectin on the platelets of whole blood.[1]


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