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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Global gene profiling analysis of mouse uterus during the oestrous cycle.

Many genes related to the cyclic changes of the uterus during the oestrous cycle have been identified using a one-by-one approach. In the present study, cDNA microarray technology was applied to investigate the global profile of gene expression of mouse uterus at the oestrous and dioestrous stages. At a certain stage of the oestrous cycle, the uteri of mature CD-1 mice (n=10) were removed, pooled and snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was extracted to synthesize cDNA probes for microarray assay. By screening 8192 mouse genes and expressed sequence tags (ESTs), 51 upregulated and 51 downregulated genes were identified in oestrous uterus, of which 62 are well characterized and 40 are ESTs. The known genes were assigned to various gene categories according to their main function. The microarray was performed three times with three independent sets of uterine tissue pools. The results of northern blot analysis for small proline-rich protein 2 (Sprr2), 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (17betaHSD-2), high mobility group 2 (Hmg2), mitotic checkpoint component 2 (Mad2) and an EST AW555366 mRNA were consistent with that of microarray analysis. In situ hybridization was performed to localize the transcript of the EST AW555366. Most of the upregulated genes encode secreted immune-related proteins, proteinases and their inhibitors, indicating their potential involvement in sperm viability as well as capacitation. The downregulated genes mainly encode cell cycle-related factors, implying the active proliferation of uterus at dioestrus.[1]


  1. Global gene profiling analysis of mouse uterus during the oestrous cycle. Tan, Y.F., Li, F.X., Piao, Y.S., Sun, X.Y., Wang, Y.L. Reproduction (2003) [Pubmed]
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