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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of sarpogrelate on altered STZ-diabetes induced cardiovascular responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine in rats.

Sarpogrelate, a specific 5-HT2A receptor antagonist is reported to produce a number of beneficial cardiovascular effects in diabetes mellitus. In the present investigation we have studied the effects of sarpogrelate on 5-HT receptors in heart and platelets in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by a single tail vein injection of STZ (45 mg/kg) and sarpogrelate (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered daily for 6 weeks. Injection of STZ produced significant loss of body weight, polyphagia, polydypsia, hyperglycemia, hypoinsulinemia, hypertension and bradycardia. Treatment with sarpogrelate significantly lowered fasting glucose levels with corresponding increase in insulin levels. It also significantly prevented STZ-induced polydypsia, hyperphagia, hypertension, and bradycardia but not the loss of body weight. 5-HT produced dose-dependent positive inotropic effect that was found to be decreased significantly in STZ-diabetic rats. Hearts obtained from sarpogrelate treated diabetic rats did not show any decrease in responsiveness to 5-HT. Relative platelet aggregation per se was found to be higher in STZ-diabetic rats as compared to control and this was significantly prevented by sarpogrelate treatment. 5-HT produced a dose-dependent increase in platelet aggregation in non-diabetic and sarpogrelate treated diabetic rats. However, 5-HT failed to produce any increase in platelet aggregation in untreated diabetic rats. Our data suggest that STZ-induced diabetes may produce down-regulation of cardiac 5-HT2A receptors and increased platelet aggregation. Treatment with sarpogrelate seems to prevent STZ-induced down-regulation of 5-HT receptors and increase in platelet activity in diabetic rats.[1]


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