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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Different antigens trigger different Th1/Th2 reactions in neonatal mononuclear cells (MNCs) relating to T-bet/GATA-3 expression.

Neonates are known to have poor cellular immunity, especially poor Th1 response. We investigated how neonatal mononuclear cells raised different Th1/Th2 reactions in response to different antigens. Employing Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) extract and varicella zoster virus (VZV) as antigens, we assessed Th1/Th2 reactions as demonstrated by IL-4/IFNgamma production and mRNA expression, and transcriptional factors T-bet/GATA-3 mRNA expression in mononuclear cells from human umbilical cord blood (CBMC). Results showed that VZV induced a dramatic increase of IFNgamma production by adult peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), whereas VZV did not drive CBMC to release significant IFNgamma production (1614.7+/-362.0 vs. 49.0+/-29.3,p<0.005). However, Der p induced higher IFNgamma production by CBMC than VZV (298.1+/-171.8 vs. 49.0+/-29.3, P=0.047). In contrast, VZV did not induce significant IL-4 production either by CBMC or by PBMC. Der p induced a comparative IL-4 production by CBMC and PBMC (2.58+/-0.84 vs. 2.04+/-0.37, p>0.05). A real-time RT-PCR analysis of IL-4 and IFNgamma mRNA expression showed that VZV induced a significantly higher IFNgamma, but not IL-4, mRNA expression in PBMC than CBMC. Der p did not induce significant difference of IFNgamma or IL-4 mRNA expression in PBMC and CBMC. VZV enhanced Th1-related transcription factor T-bet mRNA expression, in association with later down-regulation of Th2-related GATA-3 mRNA expression in PBMC. However, VZV did not up-regulate T-bet or down-regulate GATA-3 expression significantly in CBMC. In contrast, Der p induced an early GATA-3 expression and later T-bet expression in CBMC. These results suggest that different antigens trigger various Th1/Th2 reactions in PBMC and CBMC resulting from kinetic changes of T-bet/GATA-3 expression.[1]


  1. Different antigens trigger different Th1/Th2 reactions in neonatal mononuclear cells (MNCs) relating to T-bet/GATA-3 expression. Yu, H.R., Chang, J.C., Chen, R.F., Chuang, H., Hong, K.C., Wang, L., Yang, K.D. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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