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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dihydrolipoate reduces neuronal injury after cerebral ischemia.

It has been shown in vitro that dihydrolipoate (DL-6,8-dithioloctanoic acid) has antioxidant activity against microsomal lipid peroxidation. We tested dihydrolipoate for its neuroprotective activity using models of hypoxic and excitotoxic neuronal damage in vitro and rodent models of cerebral ischemia in vivo. In vitro, neuronal damage was induced in primary neuronal cultures derived form 7-day-old chick embryo telencephalon by adding either 1 mM cyanide or 1 mM glutamate to the cultures. Cyanide-exposed and dihydrolipoate-treated (10(-9)-10(-7) M) cultures showed an increased protein and ATP content compared with controls. The glutamate-exposed cultures treated with dihydrolipoate (10(-7)-10(-5) M) showed a decreased number of damaged neurons. In vivo, dihydrolipoate treatment (50 and 100 mg/kg) reduced brain infarction after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice and rats. Dihydrolipoate treatment (50 and 100 mg/kg) could not ameliorate neuronal damage in the rat hippocampus or cortex caused by 10 min of forebrain ischemia. A comparable neuroprotection was obtained by using dimethylthiourea, both in vitro (10(-7) and 10(-6) M) and at a dose of 750 mg/kg in the focal ischemia models. Lipoate, the oxidized form of dihydrolipoate, failed to reduce neuronal injury in any model tested. We conclude that dihydrolipoate, similarly to dimethylthiourea, is able to protect neurons against ischemic damage by diminishing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species within the cerebral tissue.[1]


  1. Dihydrolipoate reduces neuronal injury after cerebral ischemia. Prehn, J.H., Karkoutly, C., Nuglisch, J., Peruche, B., Krieglstein, J. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1992) [Pubmed]
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