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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel non-radioactive method for detection of nucleoside analog phosphorylation by 5'-nucleotidase.

Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase has been implicated in the phosphorylation of certain nucleosides of therapeutic interest. In vitro, IMP and GMP serve as the optimal phosphate donors for this nucleoside phosphotransferase reaction. Existing assays for nucleoside phosphorylation effected by 5'-nucleotidase require a radiolabeled nucleoside as the phosphate acceptor and separation of the substrate-nucleoside from product-nucleotide has been accomplished either by a filter binding method or HPLC. However, detection of the phosphorylation of unlabeled nucleoside by HPLC is difficult since the ultraviolet absorbance of the phosphate donor, IMP, frequently obscures the absorbance of newly formed nucleotide. The use of ribavirin 5'-phosphate ( RMP, 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide riboside 5-monophosphate) as the phosphate donor obviates this difficulty since this triazole heterocycle does not significantly absorb at the wavelengths used to detect most nucleoside analogs. Using this procedure, a 5'-nucleotidase activity from the 100,000 x g supernatant fraction of human T-lymphoblasts deficient in adenosine kinase, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, and deoxycytidine kinase, was characterized with regard to structure-activity relationships for certain inosine and guanosine analogs.[1]


  1. A novel non-radioactive method for detection of nucleoside analog phosphorylation by 5'-nucleotidase. Fujitaki, J.M., Nord, L.D., Willis, R.C., Robins, R.K. J. Biochem. Biophys. Methods (1992) [Pubmed]
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