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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CEACAM1, a cell-cell adhesion molecule, directly associates with annexin II in a three-dimensional model of mammary morphogenesis.

The epithelial cell adhesion molecule CEACAM1 (carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule-1) is down-regulated in colon, prostate, breast, and liver cancer. Here we show that CEACAM1-4S, a splice form with four Ig-like ectodomains and a short cytoplasmic domain (14 amino acids), directly associates with annexin II, a lipid raft-associated molecule, which is also down-regulated in many cancers. Annexin II was identified using a glutathione S-transferase pull-down assay in which the cytoplasmic domain of CEACAM-4S was fused to glutathione S-transferase, the fusion protein was incubated with cell lysates, and isolated proteins were sequenced by mass spectrometry. The interaction was confirmed first by reciprocal immunoprecipitations using anti-CEACAM1 and anti-annexin II antibodies and second by confocal laser microscopy showing co-localization of CEACAM1 with annexin II in mammary epithelial cells grown in Matrigel. In addition, CEACAM1 co-localized with p11, a component of the tetrameric AIIt complex at the plasma membrane, and with annexin II in secretory vesicles. Immobilized, oriented peptides from the cytoplasmic domain of CEACAM1-4S were shown to directly associate with bovine AIIt, which is 98% homologous to human AIIt, with average KD values of about 30 nM using surface plasmon resonance, demonstrating direct binding of functionally relevant AIIt to the cytoplasmic domain of CEACAM1-4S.[1]


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