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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Selectively increased expression and functions of chemokine receptor CCR9 on CD4+ T cells from patients with T-cell lineage acute lymphocytic leukemia.

In a total of 38 typical T-cell lineage acute lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) and T-cell lineage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (T-CLL) cases investigated, we found that CC chemokine receptor CCR9 was selectively and frequently expressed on T-ALL CD4+ T cells, was moderately expressed on T-CLL CD4+ T cells, and was rarely expressed on normal CD4+ T cells. These findings were demonstrated at protein and mRNA levels using flow cytometry and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR technique and were verified by digital confocal microscopy and Northern blotting. Thymus-expressed chemokine, a ligand for CCR9, selectively induced T-ALL CD4+ T-cell chemotaxis and adhesion. Interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-4, together, down-regulated the expression and functions of CCR9 in T-ALL CD4+ T cells including chemotaxis and adhesion. It was also demonstrated that IL-2 and IL-4, together, internalized CCR9 on T-ALL CD4+ T cells and subsequently inhibited functions of CCR9 in these cells. Thymus-expressed chemokine mRNA was highly expressed in CD4+ T cells, involving lymph node and skin in T-ALL patients, and was expressed at moderate levels in lymph node and skin tissues in T-CLL patients. Our findings may provide new clues to understanding various aspects of T-ALL CD4+ T cells, such as functional expression of CCR9-thymus-expressed chemokine receptor-ligand pairs as well as the effects of IL-2 and IL-4, which may be especially important in cytokine/chemokine environment for the pathophysiological events of T-ALL CD4+ T-cell trafficking.[1]

References

  1. Selectively increased expression and functions of chemokine receptor CCR9 on CD4+ T cells from patients with T-cell lineage acute lymphocytic leukemia. Qiuping, Z., Qun, L., Chunsong, H., Xiaolian, Z., Baojun, H., Mingzhen, Y., Chengming, L., Jinshen, H., Qingping, G., Kejian, Z., Zhimin, S., Xuejun, Z., Junyan, L., Jinquan, T. Cancer Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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