The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Codelivery of CCR7 ligands as molecular adjuvants enhances the protective immune response against herpes simplex virus type 1.

Humoral and cellular immunity, associated with long-term protective immunological memory, defines the efficacy of a given vaccine formulation. However, few vaccines achieve this target without the aid of a suitable adjuvant. Molecular adjuvants in vaccination against infectious agents offer a noninvasive means of enhancing the immune response against target antigens. To examine the potency of two beta-chemokines as immunomodulators, plasmid DNA encoding beta-chemokines CCL19 and CCL21 (CCR7L) was codelivered intranasally with plasmid DNA or recombinant vaccinia virus encoding herpes simplex virus (HSV) gB (HSV-gB) in a prime-and-boost vaccination strategy. This vaccination regimen increased serum and vaginal immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgA, respectively, as well as the numbers of HSV-gB(498-505) peptide-specific gamma interferon-producing CD8(+) T cells. Distinctively, a high number of cytotoxic T lymphocytes was achieved when pCCR7L was applied at both prime and boost as opposed to omission of pCCR7L. A rapid-recall response was induced in the genital tract upon challenge with the HSV McKrae strain, affording a high level of protection and survival of vaccinated mice. Our results demonstrate that high innate immune kinetics and distribution of adaptive response induced in the nasal mucosa appears to be key factors in generating protective memory responses against HSV. Thus CCR7L expressed ectopically may serve as a molecular adjuvant to boost the immune response to a codelivered antigen in mucosal surfaces.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities