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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of p38 and p42/44 MAP kinases and protein kinase C in the interferon-gamma and interleukin-1alpha-induced phosphorylation of 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A(2) in primary human bronchial epithelial cells.

Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) play an important role in the modulation of acute and chronic airway inflammation. Both IFN-gamma and IL-1 are known to increase the release of arachidonic acid (AA) from airway epithelial cells, suggesting that AA metabolites may mediate the cytokine-induced inflammation. This study was designed to examine the direct effect of IFN-gamma and IL-alpha on the phosphorylation of 85-kDa cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) and AA release in primary normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. Treatment with IFN-gamma and IL-1alpha for 15 min induced a rapid increase of AA release from NHBE cells, which was blocked by the cPLA(2) inhibitor MAFP (p<0.05) but not by the sPLA(2) inhibitor LY311727 or iPLA(2) inhibitor HELSS. Immunoprecipitation and Western blot analysis showed that both IFN-gamma and IL-1alpha induced a rapid phosphorylation of cPLA(2). The IFN-gamma and IL-1alpha- induced cPLA(2) phosphorylation and AA release in the NHBE cells were inhibited by the p38 MAP kinase ( MAPK) inhibitor SB203580, p42/44 MAPK inhibitor PD98059 and protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide I. These results demonstrate the involvement of p38 and p42/44 MAPKs as well as PKC in the IFN-gamma and IL-1alpha-induced cPLA(2) phosphorylation and AA release in human airway epithelial cells.[1]


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