The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the rhesus monkey ghrelin gene and factors influencing ghrelin gene expression and fasting plasma levels.

Ghrelin stimulates release of GH from the pituitary, stimulates appetite, and may influence metabolic processes in other tissues expressing the GH secretagogue receptor. Ghrelin can thus influence behaviors and endocrine pathways contributing to weight gain. In this study we characterized the ghrelin gene from the rhesus monkey and analyzed the association of plasma ghrelin levels with metabolic and endocrine markers. Rhesus ghrelin is 97, 91, and 96% homologous to the human cDNA, gene, and peptide, respectively. Ghrelin expression was highest in the stomach with lower levels found in muscle and duodenum. In these tissues, ghrelin expression in calorie-restricted and obese animals was about 40-99% lower than in lean animals. In addition, ghrelin expression in muscle was fairly high and may allow this tissue to contribute significantly to plasma levels. Fasting plasma ghrelin concentrations were also inversely correlated with body mass index and exhibited a nonlinear association with age with increased levels in younger and older monkeys and lower levels in middle-aged monkeys. Although a significant inverse correlation between fasting plasma ghrelin and fasting insulin levels were found, iv glucose and insulin administration did not significantly alter ghrelin levels. These studies demonstrate that ghrelin levels are influenced by age-related factors and adiposity in the rhesus monkey. These similarities between the rhesus monkey and human ghrelin genes and plasma ghrelin responses suggest a unique opportunity to study the mechanisms regulating ghrelin secretion and gene expression in different tissues in normal and disease states using this model system.[1]


  1. Characterization of the rhesus monkey ghrelin gene and factors influencing ghrelin gene expression and fasting plasma levels. Angeloni, S.V., Glynn, N., Ambrosini, G., Garant, M.J., Higley, J.D., Suomi, S., Hansen, B.C. Endocrinology (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities