The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of mitochondrial transcription factor A expression by high glucose.

Mitochondrial transcription factor A ( Tfam, previously mtTFA) is a key regulator of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) transcription and replication. We have reported that overexpression of nuclear respiratory factor-1 ( NRF-1) and high concentration (50 mM) of glucose increased the promoter activity of the rat Tfam in L6 rat skeletal muscle cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of high glucose-induced Tfam transactivation. The addition of 50 mM glucose for 24 h increased Tfam promoter activity up to twofold. The glucose-induced Tfam expression was dose-dependent and cell-type specific. Glucose increased the Tfam promoter-driven transactivity in L6 (skeletal muscle), HIT (pancreatic beta-cell), and CHO (ovary) cells, but not in HepG2 (hepatoma), HeLa, and CV1 (kidney) cells. Among various monosaccharides, only glucose and fructose increased the Tfam promoter activity. Oxidative stress might not be involved in glucose-induced Tfam expression since treatment with antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin E, probucol, or alpha-lipoic acid did not suppress the induction. None of the inhibitors of protein kinase C, MAP kinase, and PI3 kinase altered the glucose- induced Tfam promoter activity, suggesting that general phosphorylation is involved in its signaling. However, a dominant negative mutant of NRF-1, in which 200 amino acids of C-terminus were truncated, completely suppressed the glucose-induced Tfam induction. It was concluded that high glucose-induced Tfam transcription in L6 cells might be mediated by NRF-1.[1]


  1. Regulation of mitochondrial transcription factor A expression by high glucose. Choi, Y.S., Lee, K.U., Pak, Y.K. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities