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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-1beta regulates angiopoietin-1 expression in human endothelial cells.

Angiopoietin (Ang)-1 is an important regulator of endothelial cell (EC) survival and stabilization. Ang-1 exerts its biological effects by binding to the EC-specific tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-2, and initiates intracellular signaling in ECs. However, regulatory mechanisms for endothelial Ang-1 expression have not been completely elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effects of angiogenic cytokines and growth factors on Ang-1 expression in human umbilical vein ECs (HUVECs). Northern blot analysis was performed after HUVECs were exposed to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, insulin-like growth factor-1, or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha caused marked down-regulation of Ang-1 mRNA levels at 4 h with a further decrease observed at 24 h. Using signaling inhibitors, we identified the P38 pathway as the pathway that mediates IL-1beta down-regulation of Ang-1. Furthermore, treatment of cells with IL-1beta indirectly (via down-regulation of Ang-1) led to a decrease in Tie-2 autophosphorylation levels in HUVECs. We previously demonstrated that IL-1beta regulates VEGF expression in tumor cells. This observation was confirmed in ECs in the present study. Because pericytes play a role in regulating EC function, we also determined whether IL-1beta would also down-regulate Ang-1 in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Similar to our findings in HUVECs, we found that IL-1beta decreased Ang-1 expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells. Direct effects of IL-1beta on angiogenesis were investigated by use of an in vivo Gelfoam angiogenesis assay in which IL-1beta produced a significant increase in vessel counts (P = 0.0189). These results suggest that IL-1beta indirectly regulates angiogenesis by modulating the expression of Ang-1. IL-1beta may trigger a proangiogenic response by decreasing Ang-1 levels in ECs and pericytes and up-regulating VEGF in ECs and tumor cells.[1]


  1. Interleukin-1beta regulates angiopoietin-1 expression in human endothelial cells. Fan, F., Stoeltzing, O., Liu, W., McCarty, M.F., Jung, Y.D., Reinmuth, N., Ellis, L.M. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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