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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin-1 enhances vascular permeability in conscious rats: role of thromboxane A2.

The purpose of the present experiments was to study the effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on vascular permeability and the involvement of the cyclooxygenase metabolites in the vascular responses to ET-1. Bolus intravenous injection of ET-1 (0.1-1.0 nmol/kg) into conscious rats induced immediate hypotension lasting for 30 s followed by sustained dose-dependent hypertension. A low dose of ET-1 (0.1 nmol/kg) did not modify the hematocrit value but the 1.0-nmol/kg dose increased the hematocrit value from 39.7 to 44.4%. Pretreatment of the animals with BM-13505 (1 mg/kg), a thromboxane A2 (TxA2) receptor antagonist, prolonged the duration of the hypotensive response to ET-1 (1.0 nmol/kg) but had no effect on the pressor response. Pretreatment with OKY-046 (10 mg/kg), a TxA2 synthesis inhibitor, or indomethacin (10 mg/kg), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, had no significant effect on ET-1-induced changes in blood pressure. Evans blue dye extravasation, a marker of vascular permeability, increased up to 235% over control levels in specific vascular beds including the upper and lower bronchi, stomach, duodenum and kidney of ET-1 (1.0 nmol/kg)-treated animals. Pretreatment of the animals with BM-13505, OKY-046 or indomethacin reduced by 60-100% the Evans blue extravasation in these tissues. These results suggest that the effect of ET-1 on vascular permeability is partly mediated and/or modulated by the secondary release of TxA2, whereas its action on arterial blood pressure appears to be independent from prostanoid release in conscious rats.[1]


  1. Endothelin-1 enhances vascular permeability in conscious rats: role of thromboxane A2. Sirois, M.G., Filep, J.G., Rousseau, A., Fournier, A., Plante, G.E., Sirois, P. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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