The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II and endothelin-1 regulate MAP kinases through different redox-dependent mechanisms in human vascular smooth muscle cells.

OBJECTIVE: The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK) signaling by angiotensin (Ang) II and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) was investigated. DESIGN: VSMCs were derived from resistance arteries from healthy subjects. MAPK activity was assessed using phospho-specific antibodies. ROS generation was measured by CMH2DCFDA fluorescence and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity by lucigenin chemiluminescence. RESULTS: Ang II and ET-1 increased MAPK phosphorylation (P < 0.01). Pre-treatment with Tiron and Tempol, *O2 scavengers, attenuated agonist-stimulated phosphorylation of p38MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and ERK5, but not of ERK1/2 (extracellular signal-regulated kinases). Apocynin and diphenylene iodinium (DPI), NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitors, decreased Ang II-induced responses 60-70%. ET-1- mediated MAPK phosphorylation was unaffected by apocynin but was reduced (> 50%) by thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TIFT) and carboxyl cyanide-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), mitochondrial inhibitors. Allopurinol and N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), xanthine oxidase and nitric oxide synthase ( NOS) inhibitors, respectively, did not influence MAPK activation. Intracellular ROS generation, was increased by Ang II and ET-1 (P < 0.01). DPI inhibited Ang II- but not ET-1-mediated ROS production. Expression of p22phox and p47phox and activation of NAD(P)H oxidase were increased by Ang II but not by ET-1. CCCP and TIFT significantly attenuated ET-1-mediated ROS formation (P < 0.05), without influencing Ang II effects. CONCLUSIONS: Ang II activates p38MAPK, JNK and ERK5 primarily through NAD(P)H oxidase-generated ROS. ET-1 stimulates these kinases via redox-sensitive processes that involve mitochondrial-derived ROS. These data suggest that redox-dependent activation of MAPKs by Ang II and ET-1 occur through distinct ROS-generating systems that could contribute to differential signaling by these agonists in VSMCs.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities