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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Complex regulation of the lactase-phlorizin hydrolase promoter by GATA-4.

Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH), a marker of intestinal differentiation, is expressed in absorptive enterocytes on small intestinal villi in a tightly regulated pattern along the proximal-distal axis. The LPH promoter contains binding sites that mediate activation by members of the GATA-4, -5, and -6 subfamily, but little is known about their individual contribution to LPH regulation in vivo. Here, we show that GATA-4 is the principal GATA factor from adult mouse intestinal epithelial cells that binds to the mouse LPH promoter, and its expression is highly correlated with that of LPH mRNA in jejunum and ileum. GATA-4 cooperates with hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1alpha to synergistically activate the LPH promoter by a mechanism identical to that previously characterized for GATA-5/HNF-1alpha, requiring physical association between GATA-4 and HNF-1alpha and intact HNF-1 binding sites on the LPH promoter. GATA-4 also activates the LPH promoter independently of HNF-1alpha, in contrast to GATA-5, which is unable to activate the LPH promoter in the absence of HNF-1alpha. GATA-4-specific activation requires intact GATA binding sites on the LPH promoter and was mapped by domain-swapping experiments to the zinc finger and basic regions. However, the difference in the capacity between GATA-4 and GATA-5 to activate the LPH promoter was not due to a difference in affinity for binding to GATA binding sites on the LPH promoter. These data indicate that GATA-4 is a key regulator of LPH gene expression that may function through an evolutionarily conserved mechanism involving cooperativity with an HNF-1alpha and/or a GATA-specific pathway independent of HNF-1alpha.[1]


  1. Complex regulation of the lactase-phlorizin hydrolase promoter by GATA-4. van Wering, H.M., Bosse, T., Musters, A., de Jong, E., de Jong, N., Hogen Esch, C.E., Boudreau, F., Swain, G.P., Dowling, L.N., Montgomery, R.K., Grand, R.J., Krasinski, S.D. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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