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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vanin-1-/- mice exhibit a glutathione-mediated tissue resistance to oxidative stress.

Vanin-1 is an epithelial ectoenzyme with pantetheinase activity and generating the amino-thiol cysteamine through the metabolism of pantothenic acid (vitamin B(5)). Here we show that Vanin-1(-/-) mice, which lack cysteamine in tissues, exhibit resistance to oxidative injury induced by whole-body gamma-irradiation or paraquat. This protection is correlated with reduced apoptosis and inflammation and is reversed by treating mutant animals with cystamine. The better tolerance of the Vanin-1(-/-) mice is associated with an enhanced gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase activity in liver, probably due to the absence of cysteamine and leading to elevated stores of glutathione (GSH), the most potent cellular antioxidant. Consequently, Vanin-1(-/-) mice maintain a more reducing environment in tissue after exposure to irradiation. In normal mice, we found a stress-induced biphasic expression of Vanin-1 regulated via antioxidant response elements in its promoter region. This process should finely tune the redox environment and thus change an early inflammatory process into a late tissue repair process. We propose Vanin-1 as a key molecule to regulate the GSH-dependent response to oxidative injury in tissue at the epithelial level. Therefore, Vanin/pantetheinase inhibitors could be useful for treatment of damage due to irradiation and pro-oxidant inducers.[1]


  1. Vanin-1-/- mice exhibit a glutathione-mediated tissue resistance to oxidative stress. Berruyer, C., Martin, F.M., Castellano, R., Macone, A., Malergue, F., Garrido-Urbani, S., Millet, V., Imbert, J., Duprè, S., Pitari, G., Naquet, P., Galland, F. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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