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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidized low-density lipoproteins stimulate extracellular matrix metalloproteinase Inducer (EMMPRIN) release by coronary smooth muscle cells.

OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) seem to play a prominent role in atherogenesis. Extracellular MMP inducer (EMMPRIN), a cell surface glycoprotein which stimulates MMP synthesis, has recently been detected in human atheroma. We have investigated the influence of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) on EMMPRIN expression in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (HCA-SMCs). METHODS AND RESULTS: OxLDL induced a significant increase of EMMPRIN release into HCA- SMC supernatants and a concomitant decrease of cell- associated EMMPRIN. These effects were antagonized by antioxidants as well as by EDTA and the MMP inhibitor GM6001. Western blot analysis demonstrated that MMP-1 and MMP-2 induce the cleavage of the extracellular domain from cell- associated EMMPRIN. MMP-1 and MMP-2 synthesis was upregulated by oxLDL, and, in addition, we have shown that soluble EMMPRIN, isolated from macrophage supernatants, increased MMP-1 and MMP-2 synthesis in HCA- SMC. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that oxLDLs stimulate the release of soluble EMMPRIN, at least in part, by MMP-dependent shedding from the cell surface. Additionally, oxLDLs might induce a circular upregulation of matrix degradation because, in turn, soluble EMMPRIN stimulates MMP synthesis in HCA- SMC.[1]


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