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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induced microsomal PGE synthase-1 is involved in cyclooxygenase-2-dependent PGE2 production in gastric fibroblasts.

We have previously shown that the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2/PGE2 pathway plays a key role in VEGF production in gastric fibroblasts. Recent studies have identified three PGE synthase (PGES) isozymes: cytosolic PGES (cPGES) and microsomal PGES (mPGES)-1 and -2, but little is known regarding the expression and roles of these enzymes in gastric fibroblasts. Thus we examined IL-1beta-stimulated mPGES-1 and cPGES mRNA and protein expression in gastric fibroblasts by quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively, and studied both their relationship to COX-1 and -2 and their roles in PGE2 and VEGF production in vitro. IL-1beta stimulated increases in both COX-2 and mPGES-1 mRNA and protein expression levels. However, COX-2 mRNA and protein expression were more rapidly induced than mPGES-1 mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, MK-886, a nonselective mPGES-1 inhibitor, failed to inhibit IL-1beta-induced PGE2 release at the 8-h time point, while totally inhibiting PGE2 at the later stage. However, MK-886 did inhibit IL-1beta-stimulated PGES activity in vitro by 86.8%. N-(2-cyclohexyloxy-4-nitrophenyl)-methanesulfonamide (NS-398), a selective COX-2 inhibitor, totally inhibited PGE2 production at both the 8-h and 24-h time points, suggesting that COX-2-dependent PGE2 generation does not depend on mPGES-1 activity at the early stage. In contrast, NS-398 did not inhibit VEGF production at 8 h, and only partially at 24 h, whereas MK-886 totally inhibited VEGF production at each time point. These results suggest that IL-1beta-induced mPGES-1 protein expression preferentially coupled with COX-2 protein at late stages of PGE2 production and that IL-1beta- stimulated VEGF production was totally dependent on membrane-associated proteins involved in eicosanoid and glutathione metabolism (MAPEG) superfamily proteins, which includes mPGES-1, but was partially dependent on the COX-2/PGE2 pathway.[1]


  1. Induced microsomal PGE synthase-1 is involved in cyclooxygenase-2-dependent PGE2 production in gastric fibroblasts. Shinji, Y., Tsukui, T., Tatsuguchi, A., Shinoki, K., Kusunoki, M., Suzuki, K., Hiratsuka, T., Wada, K., Futagami, S., Miyake, K., Gudis, K., Sakamoto, C. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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