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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae PDS1 and RAD9 checkpoint genes control different DNA double-strand break repair pathways.

In response to DNA damage, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae securin Pds1 blocks anaphase promotion by inhibiting ESP1-dependent degradation of cohesins. PDS1 is positioned downstream of the MEC1- and RAD9-mediated DNA damage-induced signal transduction pathways. Because cohesins participate in postreplicative repair and the pds1 mutant is radiation sensitive, we identified DNA repair pathways that are PDS1-dependent. We compared the radiation sensitivities and recombination phenotypes of pds1, rad9, rad51 single and double mutants, and found that whereas pds1 rad9 double mutants were synergistically more radiation sensitive than single mutants, pds1 rad51 mutants were not. To determine the role of PDS1 in recombinational repair pathways, we measured spontaneous and DNA damage-associated sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) after exposure to X rays, UV and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and after the initiation of an HO endonuclease-generated double-strand break (DSB). The rates of spontaneous SCE and frequencies of DNA damage-associated SCE were similar in wild type and pds1 strains, but the latter exhibited reduced viability after exposure to DNA damaging agents. To determine whether pds1 mutants were defective in other pathways for DSB repair, we measured both single-strand annealing (SSA) and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) in pds1 mutants. We found that the pds1 mutant was defective in SSA but efficient at ligating cohesive ends present on a linear plasmid. We therefore suggest that checkpoint genes control different pathways for DSB repair, and PDS1 and RAD9 have different roles in recombinational repair.[1]


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