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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Coexpression of preprotachykinin A and B transcripts in the bovine corpus luteum and evidence for functional neurokinin receptor activity in luteal endothelial cells and ovarian macrophages.

Nonneuronal cell sources of tachykinins, such as substance P (SP) and neurokinin B (NKB), have been demonstrated in leukocytes, endothelial cells and endocrine cells, and may play a role in corpus luteum ( CL) development. For this reason, we analyzed mRNA presence for the two tachykinin precursors together with the neurokinin-1 receptor and the neurokinin-3 receptor (NK-1R and NK-3R, preferred by SP and NKB, respectively) in bovine CL at various stages in the luteal phase. Using the RT-PCR technique, we detected coexpression for the preprotachykinin A gene (PPT-A), which encodes SP and neurokinin A (NKA), and the preprotachykinin B gene (PPT-B) for NKB in the CL at the development, secretion and regression stages. Coexpression was also noted for NK-1R and NK-3R gene transcripts. Cultures of endothelial cells (ECs) derived from bovine CL expressed NK-1R and NK-3R mRNA, as did ovarian macrophages. Agonist treatment induced a stronger intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) increase after activation of NK-1R compared to NK-3R, a result that we verified by calcium imaging. This is the first evidence for functional tachykinin receptor activity in luteal ECs and ovarian macrophages from bovine CL.[1]


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