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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of experimental varicocele on the expressions of Notch 1, 2, and 3 in rat testes: an immunohistochemical study.

OBJECTIVE: To study expressions of Notch receptor isoforms (Notch 1, 2, and 3) in normal and varicocele-induced rat testes to examine their possible functions in cell fate. DESIGN: Comparative and controlled study. SETTING: Animal Care and Operation Unit, Akdeniz University. ANIMAL(S): Wistar male rats for experimental and control groups. INTERVENTION(S): The control group underwent a sham operation (n = 6). The experimental groups underwent partial ligation of the renal vein to induce an experimental varicocele and then were killed 9 (n = 6), 11 (n = 6), and 13 (n = 6) weeks after the induction of varicocele. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): All tissues were fixed and routinely processed for paraffin embedding. Subsequent immunohistochemical studies were performed. RESULT(S): In the sham-operation rat testes, Leydig cells and elongated spermatids were immunopositive for Notch 1. Notch-2 expression was present in Leydig cells, spermatogonia, and primary spermatocytes. Notch-3 expression was limited to Leydig cells. Varicocele formation diminished the expression of both Notch-1 and Notch-2 receptors as the varicocele formation progressed over time. CONCLUSION(S): The present study suggests that Notch 1 is related to the maturation of spermatids. Notch 2 is related to both proliferation and maturation of spermatogenic cells, whereas Notch 3 seems to be related to Leydig cell functions. The decrease of both Notch-1 and Notch-2 expression depended on the degree of varicocele development over time, indicating a potential role in varicocele-associated testicular dysfunction.[1]


  1. Effect of experimental varicocele on the expressions of Notch 1, 2, and 3 in rat testes: an immunohistochemical study. Sahin, Z., Bayram, Z., Celik-Ozenci, C., Akkoyunlu, G., Seval, Y., Erdogru, T., Ustunel, I., Baykara, M., Demir, R. Fertil. Steril. (2005) [Pubmed]
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