The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endofin recruits clathrin to early endosomes via TOM1.

TOM1 and its related proteins, TOM1-like1 (TOM1-L1) and TOM1-like2 (TOM1-L2), constitute a subfamily of the VHS domain protein family. We have recently shown that endofin, a FYVE domain protein associated with the early endosome, is able to recruit cytosolic TOM1 onto endosomal membranes. To reveal the biological consequence of endofin- mediated endosomal recruitment of TOM1, we have identified the clathrin heavy chain as a major interacting protein for TOM1. Optimal clathrin binding by TOM1 involves three sites: residues 300-321, 321-326 and a putative clathrin-binding box at residues 362-366 ((362)LEDEF(366)). Although residues 321-326 could function independently as a weak clathrin-binding motif, deletion of amino acids 300-321 or mutation of (362)Leu and (364)Asp to Ala residues reduced the binding of clathrin to TOM1. A fragment lacking amino acids 300-322 and containing (362)Leu and (364)Asp to Ala mutations lost the ability to interact with clathrin. Remarkably, overexpression of endofin led to a massive and specific recruitment of clathrin [but not dynamin, or the adaptor protein (AP) complexes, AP1, AP2 or AP3] onto endofin-positive endosomes. Although SARA is homologous to endofin, it did not interact with the C-terminal region of TOM1. Examination of chimeric proteins of endofin and SARA suggests that the C-terminal half of endofin is responsible for interaction with the C-terminal region of TOM1 and for recruitment of TOM1 and clathrin to endosomes. The correlation between the ability of endofin to interact with the C-terminal domain of TOM1 and clathrin recruitment suggests that endofin may recruit clathrin via TOM1. Indeed, a chimeric protein consisting of TOM1 fused to two FYVE domains derived from endofin has the ability to recruit clathrin onto endosomal structures. Moreover, we show that affinity-purified TOM1 antibody can abolish binding of clathrin to the C-terminal region of TOM1. Upon microinjection into cells, this antibody reduced the membrane association of clathrin. These results, taken together, suggest that TOM1 is an important molecule for membrane recruitment of clathrin, and that endofin is able to exploit this recruitment at the endosome.[1]


  1. Endofin recruits clathrin to early endosomes via TOM1. Seet, L.F., Hong, W. J. Cell. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities