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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A pathobiologic pathway linking thrombopoietin, GATA-1, and TGF-beta1 in the development of myelofibrosis.

Idiopathic myelofibrosis (IM) is a disease characterized by marrow fibrosis, abnormal stem/progenitor cell trafficking, and extramedullary hematopoiesis frequently associated with alterations in megakaryocytes (Mks). Mice harboring genetic alterations in either the extrinsic (ectopic thrombopoietin expression, TPO(high) mice) or intrinsic (hypomorphic GATA-1 mutation, GATA-1(low) mice) control of Mk differentiation develop myelofibrosis, a syndrome similar to IM. The relationship, if any, between the pathobiologic mechanism leading to the development of myelofibrosis in the 2 animal models is not understood. Here we show that plasma from GATA-1(low) mice contained normal levels of TPO. On the other hand, Mks from TPO-treated wild-type animals (TPO(high) mice), as those from GATA-1(low) animals, had similar morphologic abnormalities and contained low GATA-1. In both animal models, development of myelofibrosis was associated with high transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) content in extracellular fluids of marrow and spleen. Surprisingly, TPO treatment of GATA-1(low) mice restored the GATA-1 content in Mks and halted both defective thrombocytopoiesis and fibrosis. These data indicate that the TPO(high) and GATA-1(low) alterations are linked in an upstream-downstream relationship along a pathobiologic pathway leading to development of myelofibrosis in mice and, possibly, of IM in humans.[1]


  1. A pathobiologic pathway linking thrombopoietin, GATA-1, and TGF-beta1 in the development of myelofibrosis. Vannucchi, A.M., Bianchi, L., Paoletti, F., Pancrazzi, A., Torre, E., Nishikawa, M., Zingariello, M., Di Baldassarre, A., Rana, R.A., Lorenzini, R., Alfani, E., Migliaccio, G., Migliaccio, A.R. Blood (2005) [Pubmed]
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