The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel, sensitive, and specific assay for abasic sites, the most commonly produced DNA lesion.

Free radicals produce a wide spectrum of damages; among these are DNA base damages and abasic (AP) sites. Although several methods have been used to detect and quantify AP sites, they either are relatively laborious or require the use of radioactivity. A novel reagent for detecting abasic sites in DNA was prepared by reacting O-(carboxymethyl)hydroxylamine with biotin hydrazide in the presence of carbodiimide. This reagent, called Aldehyde Reactive Probe (ARP), specifically tagged AP sites in DNA with biotin residues. The number of biotin-tagged AP sites was then determined colorimetrically by an ELISA-like assay using avidin/biotin complex conjugated to horseradish peroxidase as the indicator enzyme. With heat/acid-depurinated calf thymus or bacteriophage f1 DNA, ARP detected femtomoles of AP sites in DNA. Using this assay, DNA damages generated in calf thymus, phi X174 RF, and f1 single-stranded DNA, X-irradiated in phosphate buffer, were easily detectable at 10 rad (0.1 Gy). Furthermore, ARP sites were detectable in DNA isolated from heat-inactivated X-irradiated (10 Gy) and methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)-treated (5 microM) Escherichia coli cells. The rate of production of ARP sites was proportional to the X-ray dose as well as to the concentration of MMS. Thus, the sensitivity and simplicity of the ARP assay should provide a potentially powerful method for the quantitation of AP sites or other DNA lesions containing an aldehyde group.[1]


  1. A novel, sensitive, and specific assay for abasic sites, the most commonly produced DNA lesion. Kubo, K., Ide, H., Wallace, S.S., Kow, Y.W. Biochemistry (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities