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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Exposure to TARC alters beta2-adrenergic receptor signaling in human peripheral blood T lymphocytes.

The beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)-AR) negatively regulates T cell activity through the activation of the G(s)/adenylyl cyclase/cAMP pathway. beta(2)-AR desensitization, which can be induced by its phosphorylation, may have important consequences for the regulation of T cell function in asthma. In the present study we demonstrate that the C-C chemokine thymus and activation- regulated chemokine (TARC) impairs the ability of beta(2)-agonist fenoterol to activate the cAMP downstream effector cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) in freshly isolated human T cells. The TARC- induced activation of Src kinases resulted in membrane translocation of both G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) 2 and beta-arrestin. Moreover, TARC was able to induce Src-dependent serine phosphorylation of the beta(2)-AR as well as its association with GRK2 and beta-arrestin. Finally, in contrast to CREB, phosphorylation of Src and extracellular signal-regulated kinase was enhanced by fenoterol upon TARC pretreatment. In summary, we show for the first time that TARC exposure impairs beta(2)-AR function in T cells. Our data suggest that this is mediated by Src-dependent activation of GRK2, resulting in receptor phosphorylation, binding to beta-arrestin, and a switch from cAMP-dependent signaling to activation of the MAPK pathway. We propose that aberrant T cell control in the presence of endogenous beta-agonists promotes T cell-mediated inflammation in asthma.[1]


  1. Exposure to TARC alters beta2-adrenergic receptor signaling in human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Heijink, I.H., Vellenga, E., Oostendorp, J., de Monchy, J.G., Postma, D.S., Kauffman, H.F. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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