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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of phospholipase A2 and lipoxygenase in lipopolysaccharide-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in glial cells.

The present study underlines the importance of phospholipase A2 (PLA2)- and lipoxygenase (LO)-mediated signaling processes in the regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression. In glial cells, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced the activities of PLA2 (calcium-independent PLA2; iPLA2 and cytosolic PLA2; cPLA2) as well as gene expression of iNOS. The inhibition of cPLA2 by methyl arachidonyl fluorophosphates (MAFP) or antisense oligomer against cPLA2 and inhibition of iPLA2 by bromoenol lactone reduced the LPS- induced iNOS gene expression and NFkappaB activation. In addition, the inhibition of LO by nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA; general LO inhibitor) or MK886 (5-LO inhibitor), but not baicalein (12-LO inhibitor), completely abrogated the LPS-induced iNOS expression. Because NDGA could abrogate the LPS-induced activation of NFkappaB, while MK886 had no effect on it, LO-mediated inhibition of iNOS gene induction by LPS may involve an NFkappaB-dependent or -independent (by 5-LO) pathway. In contrast to LO, however, the cyclooxygenase (COX) may not be involved in the regulation of LPS- mediated induction of iNOS gene because COX inhibition by indomethacin (general COX inhibitor), SC560 (COX-1 inhibitor), and NS398 (COX-2 inhibitor) affected neither the LPS-induced iNOS expression nor activation of NFkappaB. These results indicate a role for cPLA2 and iPLA2 in LPS- mediated iNOS gene induction in glial cells and the involvement of LO in these reactions.[1]


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