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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effective inhibition of experimental human ovarian cancers with a targeted cytotoxic bombesin analogue AN-215.

PURPOSE: To determine whether the cytotoxic analogue of bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) AN-215 can inhibit the in vivo growth of four human ovarian cancer cell lines. AN-215 consists of 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201), a superactive derivative of doxorubicin linked to a bombesin antagonist carrier des-D-Tpi-RC-3095. This conjugate binds strongly to receptors for bombesin/GRP and can be targeted to tumors that express these receptors. Bombesin/GRP receptors are found in 77% of human ovarian cancer specimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Nude mice bearing xenografts of ES-2, SKOV-3, OV-1063, and UCI-107 human ovarian carcinomas were treated with AN-215. The antitumor effects and the toxicity were determined. The expression of bombesin receptor subtypes was measured by reverse-transcriptase PCR analysis, and the presence of bombesin/GRP receptors was determined by radioligand binding assays. RESULTS: AN-215 significantly (P < 0.05) inhibited growth of ES-2, OV-1063, and UCI-107 tumors, prevented the metastatic spread of ES-2 cancers, and prolonged the survival of nude mice bearing i.p. ES-2 xenografts. Cytotoxic radical AN-201, the unconjugated mixture of bombesin antagonist RC-3095 and AN-201 or RC-3095 alone had no significant effects. Blockade of bombesin/GRP receptors abolished the effect of AN-215. The expression of bombesin/GRP receptors was not changed after repeated treatment with AN-215. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that targeted chemotherapy with cytotoxic bombesin/GRP analogue AN-215 can inhibit ovarian tumors, which express bombesin/GRP receptors. AN-215 might provide a new treatment modality for women with advanced ovarian carcinoma.[1]


  1. Effective inhibition of experimental human ovarian cancers with a targeted cytotoxic bombesin analogue AN-215. Engel, J.B., Keller, G., Schally, A.V., Halmos, G., Hammann, B., Nagy, A. Clin. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
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