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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neutrophil migration across tight junctions is mediated by adhesive interactions between epithelial coxsackie and adenovirus receptor and a junctional adhesion molecule-like protein on neutrophils.

Neutrophil (polymorphonuclear leukocytes [PMN]) transepithelial migration during inflammatory episodes involves a complex series of adhesive interactions and signaling events. Previous studies have shown that key adhesive interactions between leukocyte CD11b/CD18 and basally expressed fucosylated glycoproteins followed by binding to desmosomal- associated JAM-C are key elements of the transmigration response. Here we provide the first evidence that PMN-expressed junctional adhesion molecule-like protein (JAML) regulates transmigration via binding interactions with epithelial coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR). Experiments with a JAML fusion protein revealed specific binding of JAML to epithelial CAR expressed at tight junctions in T84 cell monolayers and normal human colonic mucosa. Furthermore, JAML-CAR binding is mediated via the membrane distal immunoglobulin (Ig) loop of CAR and the membrane proximal Ig loop of JAML. PMN bound to immobilized CAR but not JAML in a divalent cation-independent manner. Lastly, in assays of PMN transepithelial migration, JAML/CAR fusion proteins and their antibodies significantly inhibited transmigration in a specific manner. Taken together, these results indicate that JAML and CAR are a novel pair of adhesion molecules that play an important role in modulating PMN migration cross epithelial tight junctions. These findings add a new element to a multistep model of PMN transepithelial migration and may provide new targets for anti-inflammatory therapies.[1]


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