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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gonadal defects and hormonal alterations in transgenic mice expressing a single chain human chorionic gonadotropin-lutropin receptor complex.

To study the effects of premature and chronic ligand-mediated luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) activation on reproductive development, we have generated transgenic mice expressing a genetically engineered, constitutively active yoked hormone-receptor complex (YHR), in which a fusion protein of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is covalently linked to the N-terminus of rat LHR. YHR-expressing mice (YHR(+)) were analyzed at pre- and post-pubertal ages. Relative to wild type (WT) controls, male mice exhibited prepubertal increases in testosterone levels and seminal vesicle weights, and decreases in serum FSH, serum LH, testes weight, and the size of the seminiferous tubules. In adult male YHR(+) mice, testosterone and LH levels are not significantly different from WT controls. However, FSH levels and testes weights remain decreased. Female YHR(+) mice undergo precocious puberty with early vaginal opening, accelerated uterine development, enhanced follicular development, including the presence of corpora lutea, and an increase in serum progesterone. At 12 weeks of age, the ovary exhibits a relative increase in the amount of interstitial tissue, comprised of cells that are hypertrophic and luteinized, as well as follicles that are degenerating. Additionally, hemorrhagic cysts develop in approximately 25% of the transgenic mice. These degenerative changes are consistent with an aging ovary suggesting that CG-induced LHR activation in female mice leads to precocious sexual development and ovarian lesions. Taken together, these data indicate that the single chain YHR is functional in vivo and demonstrate that YHR(+) mice provide a novel system to further understand the reproductive consequences of aberrant LHR activation.[1]


  1. Gonadal defects and hormonal alterations in transgenic mice expressing a single chain human chorionic gonadotropin-lutropin receptor complex. Meehan, T.P., Harmon, B.G., Overcast, M.E., Yu, K.K., Camper, S.A., Puett, D., Narayan, P. J. Mol. Endocrinol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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