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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ryanodine receptor subtype 2 encodes Ca2+ oscillations activated by acetylcholine via the M2 muscarinic receptor/cADP-ribose signalling pathway in duodenum myocytes.

In this study, we characterized the signalling pathway activated by acetylcholine that encodes Ca2+ oscillations in rat duodenum myocytes. These oscillations were observed in intact myocytes after removal of external Ca2+, in permeabilized cells after abolition of the membrane potential and in the presence of heparin (an inhibitor of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors) but were inhibited by ryanodine, indicating that they are dependent on Ca2+ release from intracellular stores through ryanodine receptors. Ca2+ oscillations were selectively inhibited by methoctramine (a M2 muscarinic receptor antagonist). The M2 muscarinic receptor-activated Ca2+ oscillations were inhibited by 8-bromo cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose and inhibitors of adenosine diphosphoribosyl cyclase (ZnCl2 and anti-CD38 antibody). Stimulation of ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity by acetylcholine was evaluated in permeabilized cells by measuring the production of cyclic guanosine diphosphoribose (a fluorescent compound), which resulted from the cyclization of nicotinamide guanine dinucleotide. As duodenum myocytes expressed the three subtypes of ryanodine receptors, an antisense strategy revealed that the ryanodine receptor subtype 2 alone was required to initiate the Ca2+ oscillations induced by acetylcholine and also by cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose and rapamycin (a compound that induced uncoupling between 12/12.6 kDa FK506-binding proteins and ryanodine receptors). Inhibition of cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose-induced Ca2+ oscillations, after rapamycin treatment, confirmed that both compounds interacted with the ryanodine receptor subtype 2. Our findings show for the first time that the M2 muscarinic receptor activation triggered Ca2+ oscillations in duodenum myocytes by activation of the cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose/FK506-binding protein/ryanodine receptor subtype 2 signalling pathway.[1]


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