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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-associated SMRT binding to C/EBPbeta TAD and Nrf2 Neh4/5: role of SMRT recruited to GR in GSTA2 gene repression.

The expression of the glutathione S-transferase gene ( GST), whose induction accounts for cancer chemoprevention, is regulated by activation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) and NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). The present study investigated the repressing effects of activating glucocorticoid receptor (GR) on C/EBPbeta- and Nrf2-mediated GSTA2 gene induction and the mechanism. Dexamethasone that activates GR inhibited constitutive and oltipraz- or tert-butylhydroquinone (t-BHQ)-inducible GSTA2 expression in H4IIE cells. Also, dexamethasone repressed GSTA2 promoter-luciferase gene activity. Dexamethasone-GR activation did not inhibit nuclear translocation of C/EBPbeta or Nrf2 nor their DNA binding activities induced by oltipraz or t-BHQ. Deletion of the glucocorticoid response element (GRE) in the GSTA2 promoter abolished dexamethasone inhibition of the gene induction. Immunoprecipitation-immunoblotting, chromatin immunoprecipitation, and GST pull-down assays revealed that silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT), a corepressor recruited to steroid-GR complex for histone deacetylation, bound to TAD domain of C/EBPbeta and Neh4/5 domain of Nrf2. The GSTA2 promoter-luciferase activities were decreased by SMRT but not by truncated SMRTs. The small interference RNA (siRNA) against SMRT abolished SMRT repression of the gene induction by C/EBPbeta or Nrf2. The plasmid transfection and siRNA experiments directly evidenced the functional role of SMRT in GSTA2 repression. In conclusion, dexamethasone antagonizes C/EBPbeta- and Nrf2- mediated GSTA2 gene induction via ligand-GR binding to the GRE, and steroid-mediated GSTA2 repression involves inactivation of C/EBPbeta and Nrf2 by SMRT recruited to steroid-GR complex.[1]


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