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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide upregulates induction of PDGF receptor-alpha expression in rat renal mesangial cells and in anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis.

PDGF and nitric oxide (NO) have been shown to participate in the progression of several forms of glomerulonephritis. A potential influence of NO on PDGF-mediated signaling cascades was therefore examined. Treatment of rat mesangial cells (MC) with the NO donors diethylenetriamine NO (DETA-NO) or spermine-NONOate resulted in a time- and dose-dependent upregulation of PDGF receptor alpha (PDGFRalpha) but not PDGFRbeta mRNA levels. Administration of DETA-NO also induced PDGFRalpha protein expression that was paralleled also by an enhanced receptor phosphorylation. Further experiments using 3-(5-hydroxymethyl-2-furyl)-1-benzylindazole (YC-1), an activator of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC), the membrane-soluble cyclic GMP (cGMP) analog 8-Bromo-PET-cGMP, and the inhibitors of sGC ODQ and NS2028 suggest that elevated cGMP levels are responsible for the effects of NO. Importantly, NO-dependent autophosphorylation of PDGFRalpha drastically augmented PDGF-AA-evoked phosphorylation of PKB/Akt, a classical downstream target of PDGFRalpha signaling. Furthermore, in a rat model of anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis, expression and phosphorylation of PDGFRalpha but not PDGFRbeta expression was markedly reduced in nephritic animals that were treated with the inducible NO synthase inhibitor L-N6(1-iminoethyl)lysine(dihydrochloride) (L-NIL) compared with non-L-NIL-treated nephritic rats as demonstrated by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Taken together, the data suggest that NO modulates PDGFRalpha-triggered signaling in a cGMP-dependent manner by induction of PDGFRalpha expression in MC and in a rat model of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. The mechanistic details of this regulation have to be elucidated in further experiments.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide upregulates induction of PDGF receptor-alpha expression in rat renal mesangial cells and in anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis. Beck, K.F., Güder, G., Schaefer, L., Pleskova, M., Babelova, A., Behrens, M.H., Mihalik, D., Beck, M., Schaefer, R.M., Pfeilschifter, J. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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