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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transgenic mouse overexpressing syntaxin-1A as a diabetes model.

Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor ( NSF) attachment protein receptor (SNARE) protein syntaxin-1A (STX-1A) plays a role not only in exocytosis, but also binds and regulates Ca(2+) and K(+) (voltage-gated K(+) and ATP-sensitive K(+) channels) to influence the sequence of events leading to secretion. Islet levels of STX-1A and cognate SNARE proteins are reduced in type 2 diabetic rodents, suggesting their role in dysregulated insulin secretion contributing to the abnormal glucose homeostasis. We investigated the specific role of STX-1A in pancreatic beta-cells by generating transgenic mice, which express a moderately increased level ( approximately 30% higher) of STX-1A in pancreatic islets (hereafter called STX-1A mice). The STX-1A mice displayed fasting hyperglycemia and a more sustained elevation of plasma glucose levels after an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, with correspondingly reduced plasma insulin levels. Surprisingly, beta-cells from the STX-1A male mice also exhibited abnormal insulin tolerance. To unequivocally determine the beta-cell secretory defects, we used single-cell analyses of exocytosis by patch clamp membrane capacitance measurements and ion channel recordings. Depolarization-evoked membrane capacitance increases were reduced in the STX-1A mouse islet beta-cells. The STX-1A mouse also exhibited reduced currents through the Ca(2+) channels but little change in the voltage-gated K(+) channel or ATP-sensitive K(+) channel. These results suggest that fluctuation of islet STX-1A levels in diabetes could influence the pathological and differential regulation of beta-cell ion channels and the exocytotic machinery, collectively contributing to the impaired insulin secretion.[1]


  1. Transgenic mouse overexpressing syntaxin-1A as a diabetes model. Lam, P.P., Leung, Y.M., Sheu, L., Ellis, J., Tsushima, R.G., Osborne, L.R., Gaisano, H.Y. Diabetes (2005) [Pubmed]
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