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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Slp4-a/granuphilin-a interacts with syntaxin-2/3 in a Munc18-2-dependent manner.

Slp4-a/granuphilin-a was originally described as a protein specifically associated with insulin-containing granules in pancreatic beta-cells, but it was subsequently found to be present on amylase-containing granules in parotid acinar cells. Although Slp4-a has been suggested to control insulin secretion through interaction with syntaxin-1a and/or Munc18-1, nothing is known about the binding partner(s) of Slp4-a during amylase release from parotid acinar cells, which do not endogenously express either syntaxin-1a or Munc18-1. In this study we systematically investigated the interaction between syntaxin-1-5 and Munc18-1-3 by co-immunoprecipitation assay using COS-7 cells and discovered that Slp4-a interacts with a closed conformation of syntaxin-2/3 in a Munc18-2-dependent manner, whereas Munc18-2 itself hardly interacts with Slp4-a at all. By contrast, Slp4-a was found to strongly interact with Munc18-1 regardless of the presence of syntaxin-2/3, and syntaxin-2/3 co-immunoprecipitated with Slp4-a only in the presence of Munc18-1/2. Deletion analysis showed that the syntaxin-2/3 (or Munc18-1/2)-binding site is a linker domain of Slp4-a (amino acid residues 144-354), a previously uncharacterized region located between the N-terminal Rab27A binding domain and the C2A domain. We also found that the Slp4-a.syntaxin-2 complex is actually present in rat parotid glands and that introduction of the antibody against Slp4-a linker domain into streptolysin O-permeabilized parotid acinar cells severely attenuates isoproterenol-stimulated amylase release, possibly by disrupting the interaction between Slp4-a and syntaxin-2/3 (or Munc18-2). These results suggest that Slp4-a modulates amylase release from parotid acinar cells through interaction with syntaxin-2/3 on the apical plasma membrane.[1]


  1. Slp4-a/granuphilin-a interacts with syntaxin-2/3 in a Munc18-2-dependent manner. Fukuda, M., Imai, A., Nashida, T., Shimomura, H. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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