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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IA-2beta, but not IA-2, is induced by ghrelin and inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

Ghrelin is a newly discovered peptide and an endogenous ligand for growth hormone (GH) secretagogue (GHS) receptor. It has been shown to possess various central and peripheral effects, including GH secretion, food intake, and gastric and cardiac effects. Ghrelin and the GHS receptor are expressed also in pancreatic islets. We have identified several ghrelin-induced genes by PCR-select subtraction methods, among which is a beta-cell autoantigen for type 1 diabetes, IA-2beta. Administration of ghrelin increased IA-2beta mRNA in mouse brain, pancreas, and insulinoma cell lines (MIN6 and betaTC3). However, the expression of IA-2, another structurally related beta-cell autoantigen, was not induced by ghrelin. Administration of ghrelin or overexpression of IA-2beta, but not overexpression of IA-2, inhibited glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in MIN6 insulinoma cells and, moreover, inhibition of IA-2beta expression by the RNA interference technique ameliorated ghrelin's inhibitory effects on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. These findings strongly suggest that inhibitory effects of ghrelin on glucose- stimulated insulin secretion are at least partly due to increased expression of IA-2beta induced by ghrelin. Our data demonstrate the link among ghrelin, IA-2beta, and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.[1]


  1. IA-2beta, but not IA-2, is induced by ghrelin and inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Doi, A., Shono, T., Nishi, M., Furuta, H., Sasaki, H., Nanjo, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2006) [Pubmed]
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