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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Different effects of adiponectin isoforms in human monocytic cells.

Adiponectin (APM) is an adipocyte-derived adipokine with immunosuppressive, antidiabetic, and antiatherosclerotic properties. Low molecular weight (LMW)- and higher molecular weight (HMW)-APM circulate in the serum and activate different signaling pathways. We were interested to see whether LMW-APM exerts different effects on monocytic cells compared with the HMW isoform. Therefore, the effects of recombinant LMW-APM produced in insect cells and the APM from higher eukaryotic cells containing HMW forms on monocytic cells were investigated with respect to apoptosis and inflammation. LMW- and HMW-APM induce apoptosis in nondifferentiated THP-1 cells, reduce macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR) A mRNA expression, and stimulate phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase ( AMPK). However, HMW-APM induces the secretion of interleukin (IL)-6 in human monocytes and THP-1 cells but does not suppress lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-6 secretion. In contrast, LMW-APM reduces LPS-mediated IL-6 release and furthermore, stimulates IL-10 secretion, most likely by reducing the abundance of inhibitor of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB kinase beta, leading to a diminished nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB p65. Our data indicate that the different APM isoforms do share common effects on monocytic cells but also induce isoform-specific responses. Although apoptosis, the activation of AMPK, and the reduction of MSR are mediated by all APM isoforms, only LMW-APM displays anti-inflammatory properties.[1]

References

  1. Different effects of adiponectin isoforms in human monocytic cells. Neumeier, M., Weigert, J., Schäffler, A., Wehrwein, G., Müller-Ladner, U., Schölmerich, J., Wrede, C., Buechler, C. J. Leukoc. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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