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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional expression of taurine transporter and its up-regulation in developing neurons from mouse cerebral cortex.

PURPOSE: In the present study, we investigate the characteristics of taurine transport in primary cultures of neurons from mouse cerebral cortex to understand the possibility that taurine might attenuate the effects of central nervous system drugs. METHODS: Primary cultured neurons from mouse cerebral cortex were used to determine the transport characteristics of taurine. The expression of taurine transporter (TAUT) in mouse neurons was determined by use of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. RESULTS: In vitro transport of taurine in mouse cerebrocortical neurons at day 9 was Na(+)-dependent and saturable with a Michaelis-Menten constant (K(t)) of 10.6 +/- 4.1 muM and a maximum velocity (V(max)) of 6.68 +/- 0.85 nmol/ mg protein/10 min. Na(+)- and Cl(-) activation kinetics revealed that the Na(+)-to-Cl(-)-to-taurine stoichiometry was 2:1:1. Na(+)-dependent [(3)H]-taurine transport was competitively inhibited by beta-alanine with an inhibitory constant (K(i)) of 47.4 +/- 6.5 muM. gamma-Aminobutyric acid also inhibited Na(+)-dependent [(3)H]-taurine transport with relatively low affinity (K(i) = 273 +/- 71 muM). TAUT mRNA was detected in mouse primary cultured neurons, and TAUT protein was also expressed at approximately 70 kDa. Na(+)-dependent taurine transport activity was increased with developing neurons and corresponded with the increasing mRNA and protein level of TAUT. CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed that Na(+)/Cl(-)-coupled taurine transporter TAUT is responsible for taurine uptake in mouse cerebrocortical neurons, and that the expression of TAUT is increased with developing cerebrocortical neurons.[1]


  1. Functional expression of taurine transporter and its up-regulation in developing neurons from mouse cerebral cortex. Fujita, T., Shimada, A., Wada, M., Miyakawa, S., Yamamoto, A. Pharm. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
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