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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of zaprinast and rolipram on platelet aggregation and arrhythmias following myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion in anaesthetized rabbits.

1. This study was designed to compare the effects of two selective inhibitors of certain phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoenzymes on arrhythmias induced by coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion. The drugs used were zaprinast which inhibits guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP)-specific PDE (PDE V) and rolipram which inhibits cyclic GMP-insensitive, adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP)-specific PDE (PDE IV). 2. Pretreatment of anaesthetized rabbits with zaprinast (300 micrograms kg-1 plus 30 micrograms kg-1 min-1) had no significant effect on ischaemia- or reperfusion-induced ST-segment changes, or arrhythmias. In contrast, rolipram (30 micrograms kg-1 plus 3 micrograms kg-1 min-1) and (100 micrograms kg-1 plus 10 micrograms kg-1 min-1) increased the severity of arrhythmias. With the higher dose of rolipram, ST-segment changes were increased in magnitude and mortality due to ventricular fibrillation during ischaemia or reperfusion was increased to 80% compared with 30% in controls (n = 10 per group). 3. Zaprinast caused small but significant increases in heart rate and arterial blood pressure whereas rolipram decreased diastolic arterial pressure, increased left ventricular (LV) dP/dtmax and substantially increased heart rate. 4. At the end of each experiment platelet aggregation was measured ex vivo. Pretreatment of rabbits with either dose of rolipram had no significant effect on platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP), collagen, arachidonic acid or thrombin or on isoprenaline- or prostacyclin-induced inhibition of aggregation. Aggregatory responses to ADP and collagen were increased in platelets obtained from rabbits which had received zaprinast.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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