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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cardioprotective effects of rosiglitazone are associated with selective overexpression of type 2 angiotensin receptors and inhibition of p42/44 MAPK.

Current evidence points to renin-angiotensin system as a key mediator in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) ligand, has recently been shown to confer cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion in animal models. We sought to examine the expression of ANG II receptors during PPAR-gamma-mediated cardioprotection. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (nondiabetic) were fed either regular rat chow (control diet group, n = 9) or rosiglitazone-rich diet (rosiglitazone-rich diet group, n = 9) and were subjected to 1 h of myocardial ischemia followed by 1 h of reperfusion. A third group of rats had only thoracotomy and pericardiotomy and served as a sham control group (n = 9). Hemodynamics, infarct size, and expression of ANG II type 1 and type 2 receptors ( AT1 and AT2) were measured in all groups. There was a 58% reduction of infarct size in the rosiglitazone-rich diet group (P < 0.01 vs. control diet group). Increased myocardial expression of AT(1) receptors in the ischemic-reperfused myocardium was attenuated in the rosiglitazone-rich diet group (P < 0.05 vs. control diet group). Importantly, myocardial AT2 mRNA and protein expression were significantly increased (by >100-fold) in the rosiglitazone-rich diet group (P < 0.05). These changes were accompanied by inhibition of p42/44 MAPK in the rosiglitazone-rich diet group, while the Akt1 expression, believed to mediate insulin sensitization, remained similar in all three groups. The cardioprotective effects of rosiglitazone against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury are independent of its insulin-sensitizing properties and are associated with significant overexpression of AT2 receptors along with inhibition of p42/44 MAPK.[1]


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