The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of selenium on antioxidant capacity in methomyl-treated mice.

Methomyl carbamate is a pesticide widely used in the control of insects. The present work aims at studying the effect of selenium on the antioxidant system of methomyl-treated mice. Swiss albino mice were intraperitoneally administered a single dose of methomyl (7 mg/Kg body weight). Mice of another group were injected with sodium selenite (5 pmole/Kg b.wt.) 7 days before methomyl intoxication. After 24 hours, methomyl exposure resulted in significant increase in lactic dehydrogenase activity (LDH). The antioxidant capacity of hepatic cells in terms of the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and glutathione (GSH) content was diminished. It appears that methomyl exerts its toxic effect via peroxidative damage to hepatic, renal and splenic cell membranes. Also, methomyl induced DNA damage in these organs as detected by alkaline filter elution technique. The distribution of methomyl in different organs of mice was detected by HPLC. Selenium administration prior to methomyl injection produced pronounced protective action against methomyl effects. It is observed that selenium enhances the endogenous antioxidant capacity of the cells by increasing the activities of SOD, CAT, GR and GST as well as increasing GSH content. The activity of LDH was decreased in blood and the damage of DNA was suppressed comparable to controls. In conclusion, the adverse effects of methomyl in mice could be ameliorated by selenium.[1]


  1. Role of selenium on antioxidant capacity in methomyl-treated mice. El-Khawaga, O.A. Journal of physiology and biochemistry. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities