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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, active-comparator, placebo-controlled, parallel-group comparison of the incidence of endoscopic gastric and duodenal ulcer rates with valdecoxib or naproxen in healthy subjects aged 65 to 75 years.

BACKGROUND: Compared with nonselective NSAIDs, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-selective inhibitors have been associated with a lower incidence of gastroduodenal ulcers (in short-term endoscopic studies) and ulcer complications (in long-term trials). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of valdecoxib 20 mg BID and naproxen 500 mg BID, administered for 6.5 days, on the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) mucosa of healthy older subjects (aged 65-75 years) as assessed by UGI endoscopy. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, active-comparator, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study, eligible subjects who were free of NSAID or COX-2-selective inhibitor use for 2 weeks and who had normal UGI mucosa (mucosal grading score of 0, based on endoscopic evaluation of both the stomach and duodenum) were randomized. Serologic testing for Helicobacter pylori antibodies was conducted at baseline. No antiulcer medications were permitted. The primary end point was the incidence of gastroduodenal ulcers (gastric or duodenal mucosal grading score of 7, as indicated by any lesion with unequivocal depth > or =3 mm in diameter) after 6.5 days of blinded treatment with valdecoxib, naproxen, or placebo. Secondary end points were incidence of gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, and gastroduodenal erosions/ulcers, and the incidence of > or =11 gastroduodenal erosions/ulcers. All documented adverse events were self-reported by subjects or were observed by investigators. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were randomized to receive valdecoxib, 60 to naproxen, and 60 to placebo. Mean (SD) subject age was 68.8 (3.25) years in the valdecoxib group, 68.6 (2.76) years in the naproxen group, and 68.6 (3.14) years in the placebo group (P = NS). In the valdecoxib and naproxen groups, 47.5% and 58.3% of subjects were female, respectively, compared with 56.7% of the placebo group (P = NS). Valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastroduodenal ulcers than naproxen (1.6% [1 gastroduodenal ulcer/61 patients] and 1.7% [1/59], respectively, vs 22.0% [13/59]; P < 0.001). Compared with naproxen, both valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastric (1.6% [1/61] and 1.7% [1/59] vs 15.3% [9/59]; both, P < 0.03) and duodenal ulcers (0% [0/61] and 0% [0/59] vs 8.5% [5/59]; both,P < 0.03). In all cases, the incidence of ulcers with valdecoxib was not significantly different from placebo. Results were similar for any erosions/ulcers, and when analyzed by H pylori status. The number of adverse events was low in each group. CONCLUSION: In these healthy older subjects (aged 65-75 years), valdecoxib 20 mg BID was associated with a significantly lower rate of gastroduodenal, gastric, and duodenal ulcers than naproxen 500 mg BID, even after 6.5 days of therapy.[1]


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