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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transport and metabolism of glycerophosphodiesters produced through phospholipid deacylation.

Phospholipid deacylation results in the formation of glycerophosphodiesters and free fatty acids. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, four gene products with phospholipase B (deacylating) activity have been characterized ( PLB1, PLB2, PLB3, NTE1), and those activities account for most, if not all, of the glycerophosphodiester production observed to date. The glycerophosphodiesters themselves are hydrolyzed into glycerol-3-phosphate and the corresponding alcohol by glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterases. Although only one glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase-encoding gene (GDE1) has been characterized in S. cerevisiae, others certainly exist. Both internal and external glycerophosphodiesters (primarily glycerophosphocholine and glycerophosphoinositol) are formed as a result of phospholipid turnover in S. cerevisiae. A permease encoded by the GIT1 gene imports extracellular glycerophosphodiesters across the plasma membrane, where their hydrolytic products can provide crucial nutrients such as inositol, choline, and phosphate to the cell. The importance of this metabolic pathway in various aspects of S. cerevisiae cell physiology is being explored.[1]


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