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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Modulatory effect of sildenafil in diabetes and electroconvulsive shock-induced cognitive dysfunction in rats.

The nitric oxide/guanylyl cyclase, cyclic guanosine monophosphate/phosphodiesterase 5 (NO/cGMP/PDE5) pathways play a key role in physiological and pathological situations, such as synaptic plasticity, learning and memory formation, diabetic gastropathy and neuropathy, long-term potentiation (LTP), epilepsy, cerebral ischemia, and neurodegenerative diseases. Several studies have demonstrated the alteration of NO-cGMP pathway in cognitive impairment. The present study was aimed to study the effect of sildenafil, a PDE5 inhibitor on diabetes and electroconvulsive shock (ECS)-induced cognitive dysfunction in rat using one-trial step-through type of passive avoidance and elevated plus maze task. Diabetic and ECS-treated rats showed poor learning performance in step-through passive avoidance and plus-maze task. Acute administration of sildenafil significantly reversed the diabetes and ECS-induced retention deficits in both the test paradigms. Sildenafil also significantly improved the cognitive performance in young rats in both the paradigms. Furthermore, L-NAME, a non-selective NOS inhibitor and methylene blue, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor blocked the effect of sildenafil. The results thus suggest that cognitive impairment might be due to the modulatory effect of nNOS or PDE5 enzyme on cGMPlevels. Moreover, sildenafil-induced reversal of cognitive impairment suggests the protective role of PDE5 inhibitors in neurodegenerative disorders.[1]


  1. Modulatory effect of sildenafil in diabetes and electroconvulsive shock-induced cognitive dysfunction in rats. Patil, C.S., Singh, V.P., Kulkarni, S.K. Pharmacological reports : PR. (2006) [Pubmed]
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