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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential mitotic checkpoint protein requirements in somatic and germ cells.

Cdc20 (cell division cycle 20) and Cdh1 are the activating subunits of APC (anaphase-promoting complex), an E3-ubiquitin ligase that drives cells into anaphase by inducing degradation of cyclin B and the anaphase inhibitor securin. To prevent chromosome missegregation due to early degradation of cyclin B and securin, mitotic checkpoint protein complexes consisting of BubR1, Bub3 and Mad2 bind to and inhibit APC(Cdc20) until all chromosomes are properly attached to the mitotic spindle and aligned in the metaphase plate. The nuclear transport factors Rae1 and Nup98, which convert into mitotic checkpoint proteins in M-phase, further prevent chromosome missegregation by assembling into a complex with APC(Cdh1) and delaying APC(Cdh1)-mediated ubiquitination of securin. Disruption of Mad2, BubR1, Bub3 or Rae1 in mice results in substantial aneuploidy in somatic tissues, but whether these genes are equally important for accurate chromosome segregation during meiosis has not yet been established. To address this issue, we generated cohorts of male mice in which Mad2, BubR1, Bub3, Rae1 and Nup98 were disrupted either individually or in combination. We tested the fertility of these mice and performed chromosome counts on secondary spermatocytes. We found that male fertility and accurate chromosome segregation during spermatogenesis are highly dependent on BubR1, but not Mad2, Bub3, Rae1 and Nup98. Our results suggest that the mechanisms ensuring accurate chromosome segregation differ between mitotic and meiotic cells.[1]


  1. Differential mitotic checkpoint protein requirements in somatic and germ cells. Jeganathan, K.B., van Deursen, J.M. Biochem. Soc. Trans. (2006) [Pubmed]
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