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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vasodilatation elicited by 5-HT1A receptor agonists in constant-pressure-perfused rat kidney is mediated by blockade of alpha 1A-adrenoceptors.

The vasodilator mechanism of the putative serotonin1A (5-HT) receptor agonists, urapidil, 5-methyl-urapidil, ipsapirone, flesinoxan and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) was investigated in constant-pressure perfused rat kidneys. The compounds (10(-12)-10(-7) mol bolus injection) neither enhanced basal flow nor evoked vasodilatation in kidneys preconstricted by 27 mM KCl, 1.5 mM BaCl2 or 10(-6) M prostaglandin (PG)F2 alpha, but evoked a dose-dependent, reversible and spiroxatrine-resistant increase in vasodilatation of organs preconstricted by 6 x 10(-7) M noradrenaline. 5-Carboxamidotryptamine and sumatriptan did not reverse the vasoconstriction induced by all stimuli or that induced by noradrenaline in the presence of 5-HT2 plus 5-HT3 receptor blockade. No correlation for the vasorelaxant drugs was found between their -log ED50 in rat kidney and pKi values at 5-HT1A binding sites in pig cortex as determined in radioligand experiments. The relaxation in rat kidney induced by 5-HT1A receptor agonists and alpha 1A-adrenoceptor-selective antagonists (WB 4101 and (+)-niguldipine) was significantly correlated with pKi values at alpha 1A binding sites in rat cortex and the pA2 values derived from contraction studies for competitive antagonism at alpha 1-adrenoceptors in prostatic portions of the rat vas deferens, but differed from pKi values for alpha 1B binding sites in rat cortex. Thus, the vasodilator effect of the 5-HT1A receptor agonists urapidil, 5-methyl-urapidil, ipsapirone, flesinoxan and 8-OH-DPAT in the noradrenaline-perfused rat kidney appears to be mediated by their concomitant alpha 1A-adrenoceptor blockade. No evidence for a vasodilator effect mediated through 5-HT1A receptors was found under our experimental conditions.[1]


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