The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transient expression of endothelins in the amoeboid microglial cells in the developing rat brain.

Amoeboid microglial cells (AMC) which transiently exist in the corpus callosum in the postnatal rat brain expressed endothelins (ETs), specifically endothelin-1 (ET-1) and ET3 as revealed by real time RT-PCR. ET immunoreactive AMC occurred in large numbers at birth, but were progressively reduced with age and were undetected in 14 days. In rats subjected to hypoxia exposure, ET immunoexpression in AMC was reduced but the incidence of apoptotic cells was not increased when compared with the control suggesting that this was due to its downregulation that may help regulate the constriction of blood vessels bearing ET-A receptor. AMC were endowed ET-B receptor indicating that ET released by the cells may also act via an autocrine manner. In microglia activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), ET-1 mNA expression coupled with that of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) and stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) was markedly increased; ET-3 mRNA, however, remained unaffected. AMC exposed to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) in vitro resulted in increase in both ET-1 and ET-3 mRNA expression. It is suggested that the downregulated ETs expression in vivo of AMC subjected to hypoxia as opposed to its upregulated expression in vitro may be due to the complexity of the brain tissue. Furthermore, the differential ET-1 and ET-3 mRNA expression in LPS and OGD treatments may be due to different signaling pathways independently regulating the two isoforms. The present novel finding has added microglia as a new cellular source of ET that may take part in multiple functions including regulating vascular constriction and chemokines release. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.[1]


  1. Transient expression of endothelins in the amoeboid microglial cells in the developing rat brain. Wu, C.Y., Kaur, C., Lu, J., Cao, Q., Guo, C.H., Zhou, Y., Sivakumar, V., Ling, E.A. Glia (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities