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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apoptosis and proliferation markers in diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas: profiling of 17 molecules.

Caspases and inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) are antagonizing key apoptosis regulators. Limited studies of a few IAPs indicated their roles in astrocytomas. However, the overall expression status and significance of apoptosis regulators in astrocytomas is not clear. We examined the expression profile of the caspases (CASP3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 14), APAF1, SMAC, BCL2, the IAPs (BIRC5/survivin, CIAP1, CIAP2, XIAP, and LIVIN), and the proliferation markers Ki67 and PHH3 in 78 diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas and 24 normal brain samples by immunohistochemistry. Western blotting for major caspases and IAPs and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analyses for IAPs were performed on a subset of 27 fresh samples. Our data showed BIRC5 nuclear labeling index (BIRC5-N) was the apoptosis marker most significantly different in World Health Organization grade II to IV astrocytomas and most strongly associated with proliferative activity. Expression level of other apoptosis-related proteins was modest or low in astrocytomas and did not correlate significantly with tumor grade or proliferation. Apoptosis regulators and proliferation markers were not detected in astrocytes of normal brain by immunostaining. This expression profile suggested involvement of apoptosis regulators in astrocytoma tumorigenesis, but tumor progression was more closely associated with proliferative advantages of which BIRC5 nuclear expression appeared to be a manifestation.[1]


  1. Apoptosis and proliferation markers in diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas: profiling of 17 molecules. Liu, X., Chen, N., Wang, X., He, Y., Chen, X., Huang, Y., Yin, W., Zhou, Q. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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