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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular Mechanisms for Transcriptional Regulation of Human High-Affinity IgE Receptor beta-Chain Gene Induced by GM-CSF.

The beta-chain of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) plays an important role in regulating activation of FcepsilonRI-expressing cells such as mast cells in allergic reactions. We already reported that the transcription factor myeloid zinc finger (MZF) 1 which formed a high m.w. complex including four and a half LIM-only protein (FHL)3 in the nucleus repressed human beta-chain gene expression through an element in the fourth intron. We also found that GM-CSF induced expression of MZF-1 and nuclear translocation of FHL3. We screened a human cDNA library and identified NFY which was reported to bind histone deacetylases (HDACs) as a constituent of the complex. The C-subunit of NFY was demonstrated to form a ternary complex with MZF-1/FHL3 and interact with a beta-chain gene region including the element in the fourth intron. HDAC1 and HDAC2 were also shown to interact with the fourth intron region of the beta-chain gene. In a human mast cell line HMC-1 cultured with GM-CSF, both beta-chain expression and acetylation of histones interacting with the fourth intron region of the beta-chain gene were decreased. Collectively, these results indicated that HDACs, which were recruited to the beta-chain gene through the element in the fourth intron by MZF-1/FHL3/NFY, repressed beta-chain gene transcription by deacetylation of histones in the presence of GM-CSF. These mechanisms will be involved in not only the cell type-specific repression of beta-chain gene expression in differentiating hemopoietic cells but also the repression of beta-chain gene expression in the peripheral cells under specific circumstances.[1]


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