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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

ATM and ATR Pathways Signal Alternative Splicing of Drosophila TAF1 Pre-mRNA in Response to DNA Damage.

Alternative pre-mRNA splicing is a major mechanism utilized by eukaryotic organisms to expand their protein-coding capacity. To examine the role of cell signaling in regulating alternative splicing, we analyzed the splicing of the Drosophila melanogaster TAF1 pre-mRNA. TAF1 encodes a subunit of TFIID, which is broadly required for RNA polymerase II transcription. We demonstrate that TAF1 alternative splicing generates four mRNAs, TAF1-1, TAF1-2, TAF1-3, and TAF1-4, of which TAF1-2 and TAF1-4 encode proteins that directly bind DNA through AT hooks. TAF1 alternative splicing was regulated in a tissue-specific manner and in response to DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation or camptothecin. Pharmacological inhibitors and RNA interference were used to demonstrate that ionizing-radiation-induced upregulation of TAF1-3 and TAF1-4 splicing in S2 cells was mediated by the ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) DNA damage response kinase and checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2), a known ATM substrate. Similarly, camptothecin-induced upregulation of TAF1-3 and TAF1-4 splicing was mediated by ATR (ATM-RAD3 related) and CHK1. These findings suggest that inducible TAF1 alternative splicing is a mechanism to regulate transcription in response to developmental or DNA damage signals and provide the first evidence that the ATM/CHK2 and ATR/CHK1 signaling pathways control gene expression by regulating alternative splicing.[1]

References

  1. ATM and ATR Pathways Signal Alternative Splicing of Drosophila TAF1 Pre-mRNA in Response to DNA Damage. Katzenberger, R.J., Marengo, M.S., Wassarman, D.A. Mol. Cell. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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